HISTORY OF THE MAGICAL ORGANIZATION
We maintain an uninterrupted Hermetic lineage that has been transmitted from Master to Disciple since the birth of the Greco-Egyptian Hermetic tradition, and involves spiritual techniques of "Inner Hermetic Alchemy"
Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn
We want to go beyond mythology, superstition, false information or half-truths. We will know a little about ourselves and our powerful practices with which we have reached the domain of the soul, mind, body and spirit. But the true rites we keep in private because they are too powerful for the common knowledge of humanity because the magic formulas require intensive study.
We are an organization dedicated to the study and practice of occult, metaphysical and paranormal activities at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.
Known as a Magical Order, Our Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn is activated in Great Britain and we focus our practices on Theurgy and spiritual development. Many current concepts of ritual and magic that are at the center of contemporary traditions, were inspired by the Golden Dawn.
We became one of the greatest influences of western occultism of the twentieth century.
We are a magical organization. An organization created for the practice of Magic or to promote the knowledge of magic among our members. “Magic” in this case we refer to Hidden, Metaphysical and Paranormal activities not to the performance of Scenic Magic.
When using magic, being wizards is given the label of sorcerers that we use witchcraft, this has been applied to practices that people believe to influence the mind, body or property of others against their will, or practices that the person believes that undermines the social or religious order. Some modern commentators believe that the evil nature of witchcraft is a Christian projection. The concept of a magical worker who influences the body or property of another person against his will was clearly present in many cultures, since the traditions of both folk magic and religious magic are intended to counteract malicious magic or identify to the users of malicious magic. Many examples appear in early texts, such as those of Ancient Egypt and Babylon. Users of malicious magic can become a credible cause of diseases, diseases in animals, bad luck, sudden death, impotence and other similar misfortunes. Witchcraft of a more benign and socially acceptable type can be used to put aside malevolence, or identify the supposed evil-doer so that punishment can be carried out. The popular magic used to identify or protect against users of malicious magic is often indistinguishable from that used by some sorcerers.
The three founders, William Roberte Woodman, William Wynn Westcott, and Samuel Liddell Mathers. They were Masons. Westcott seems to have been the initial driving force behind the establishment of the Golden Dawn.
The Golden Dawn system was based on hierarchy and initiation, women were admitted on equal terms with men. The “Golden Dawn” was the first of the three Orders, although at three they are often called “Golden Dawn”. The First Order, taught esoteric philosophy based on the Hermetic Qabalah and personal development through the study and knowledge of the four classical elements, as well as the basic concepts of astrology, tarot divination and geomancy. The Second Order or “Internal”, the Rosae Rubeae et Aureae Crucis (the Ruby Rose and the Golden Cross) taught magic, including divination, astral travel and alchemy. The Third Order was that of the “secret bosses,” who were said to be highly trained, supposedly directing the activities of the two lower orders through spiritual communication with the Chiefs of the Second Order.
Such a powerful teaching delivered by the Golden Dawn Order that was so effective in elevating a person’s magical abilities and promoting spiritual growth, while giving his students the keys to maintain and create their own way in the world, that famous political figures, personalities and professionals from around the world desperately tried to enter and join their ranks …
THE THREE FOUNDERS
Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers
William Wynn Westcott
William Robert Woodman
The knowledge of the occult or “knowledge of the Paranormal,” as opposed to The Facts and “Knowledge of the Measurable,” is usually known as Science. The term is sometimes taken to mean knowledge that “is intended only for certain people” or that “must be kept hidden”, but for most practicing occultists it is simply the study of a deeper spiritual reality that spreads purely the reason and the physical sciences, can also be used to describe the occult, in addition to its meanings related to the supernatural.
The term occult sciences was used in the sixteenth century to refer to Astrology, Alchemy and Natural Magic. The term occultism arose in nineteenth-century France, where it was associated with several French esoteric groups connected to Éliphas Lévi and Papus, and in 1875 it was introduced into the English language by the esotericist Helena Blavatsky. Throughout the 20th century, the term was idiosyncratically used by a variety of different authors, but in the 21st century it was commonly used, even by esoteric scholars, to refer to a series of esoteric currents that developed in the mid-19th century and his descendants. Occultism is often used to categorize esoteric traditions such as Spiritism, Theosophy, Anthroposophy, the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. and the New Era.
Particularly since the end of the 20th century, several authors have used the occult as a well-founded adjective. In this use, “the occult” is a category in which beliefs and varied practices are placed if it is considered that they do not fit in either Religion or Science. “The hidden” in this sense is very broad, and encompasses many phenomena such as beliefs and movements such as Ufology and Parapsychology. In that same period, occultism and culture combined to form the Neologism of culture.
Founding of first temple
In October 1887, Westcott claimed to have written to a German Countess and the prominent Rosicrucian, Anna Sprengel, whose address had been found in Cipher’s deciphered manuscripts. According to Westcott, Sprengel affirmed the ability to get in touch with certain supernatural entities, known as the Secret Chiefs, who considered themselves authorities over any magical order or esoteric organization. Westcott received a response from Sprengel granting permission to establish a Golden Aurora temple and awarding honorary degrees from Adeptus Exempyus to Westcott, Mathers and Woodman. The temple would consist of the five degrees described in the manuscripts.
In 1888, the Temple of Isis-Urania was founded in London. The women were authorized and welcome to participate in the Order in “perfect equality” with men. The Order was rather an order of philosophical and metaphysical teaching in its early years. Apart from certain rituals and meditations that are found in Cipher’s manuscripts and are further developed, “magical practices” were not generally taught in the first temple.
For the first four years, The Golden Dawn is a cohesive group later known as “The External Order” or “First Order”. An “Internal Order” was established and activated in 1892. The Internal Order was made up of members known as “adepts” who had completed the entire course of study of the External Order. This group of adepts came to be known as the Second Order.
Finally, the temple of Osiris in Weston-Super-Mare, the temple of Horus in Bradford (both in 1888) and the temple of Amen-Ra in Edinburgh (1893) were founded. In 1893, Mathers founded the Ahathoor temple in Paris.
In 1888, the Temple of Isis-Urania was founded in London.
In 1891, Westcott’s correspondence with Anna Sprengel suddenly ceased. She claimed to have received news from Germany that she was dead or that her companions did not approve the founding of the Order and that no further contact would be made. If the founders had to contact the Secret Chiefs, apparently, he had to do it on his own. In 1892, Mathers declared that a link with the Secret Chiefs had been established. Later, he provided rituals for the Second Order, calling them the Red Rose and the Golden Cross. The rituals were based on the tradition of Christian Rosenkreuz’s tomb and a Vault of Adepts became the controlling force behind the Outer Order. Later, in 1916, Westcott claimed that Mathers also built these rituals from materials he received from Frater Lux, former Tenebris, Continental Adept.
The Secret Chiefs were not human beings or supernatural beings, but symbolic representations of real or legendary sources of spiritual esotericism. The term came to represent a great leader or teacher of a spiritual path or practice that found its way to the teachings of the Order.
Ascended Master - Secret Chief
Our teachers are spiritually enlightened beings who in past Incarnations were normal human beings, but who have undergone a series of spiritual transformations originally called Initiations.
Both “Mahatma” and “Ascended Master” are terms used in the Ascended Master Teachings. The Ascended Master is based on the Theosophical concept of the Mahatma or Masters of Ancient Wisdom. However, some believe that Mahatmas and the Ascended Masters differ in certain aspects.
According to the Teachings of the Ascended Masters, a “Master”, “Common”, “Shaman” or “Spiritual Master” is a human being who has taken the Fifth Initiation and, therefore, is able to live in the 5th dimension. An “Ascended Master” is a human being who has taken the Sixth Initiation, also known as Ascension, and therefore is able to stop at the 6th dimension. An “Ascended Master” is a human being who has regained full union with his “Mighty I AM Presence”. When a human being has regained full union with his “Mighty I AM Presence,” that state of full union is known as “Ascension.” Technically, a human being “ascends” when he takes the Sixth Initiation, and not before that.
A “Chohan” (Lord) of a “Ray” is an Ascended Master who has been put in charge of one of the 12 “Rays” (until recently, 7 Rays were known, and 5 Rays were “secret”), because to have an extraordinary natural spiritual affinity for that ray. A “ray” is a concentrated flow of spiritual energy that emanates, ultimately, from the Deity. Each “Ray” is the incarnation / expression of one of the 12 great Divine Qualities, such as the Divine Will, the Divine Wisdom, the Divine Love, etc. The “Chohans (Lords) of the Rays” constitute a special group of Ascended Masters.
By 1890, our Golden Dawn was well established in Britain, with hundreds of members from all classes of Victorian society. Many celebrities belonged to the Golden Dawn, such as the actress Florence Farr, the Irish revolutionary Maud Gonne, the Irish poet William Butler Yeats, the Welsh author Arthur Machen and the English author Evelyn Underhill and Aleister Crowley.
In 1896 or 1897, Westcott broke all ties with the Golden Dawn, leaving Mathers in control. After Westcott’s departure, Mathers appointed Florence Farr as Principal Adept in Anglia. Dr. Henry B. Pullen Burry succeeded Westcott as Cancellarius, one of the three Chiefs of the Order.
Mathers was the only active founding member after Westcott’s departure.
Magic brings us various beliefs and practices that are considered separate from both religion and science. Historically, the term often had pejorative connotations, and things labeled as magical were perceived as primitive, foreign. The concept has been adopted by scholars in the study of religion and the social sciences, who have proposed several different, and often mutually exclusive, definitions of the term; Many contemporary scholars consider that the concept is so problematic that it is better to reject it altogether as a useful analytical construct.
The term magic derives from the ancient Persian magu, a word that is applied to a form of religious official about which little is known. At the end of the 6th century and the beginning of the 5th century BC, this term was adopted in ancient Greek, where it was used with negative connotations, to apply to religious rites that were considered fraudulent, unconventional and dangerous. This meaning of the term was later adopted by Latin in the first century BC. Through Latin, the concept was incorporated into Christian theology during the first century AD. C., where magic was associated with demons and thus defined against (Christian) religion. This concept was generalized throughout the Middle Ages, when Christian authors classified a wide range of practices, such as enchantment, Witchcraft, Spells, Divination, Necromancy and Astrology, under the label of magic. In early modern Europe, the Italian humanists reinterpreted the term in a positive sense to create the idea of Natural Magic. Both the negative and the positive interpretations of the term were preserved in Western culture during the following centuries, and the first influenced to a large extent the first academic uses of the word.
Ceremonial magic (ritual magic, high magic or learned magic) encompasses a wide variety of long, elaborate and complex magic rituals. The works included are characterized by the ceremony and a large number of accessories necessary to help the Master also called outside the Order Witch, Wizard or Sorcerer. It can be seen as an extension of ritual magic, and in most cases it is synonymous with it. Popularized by our Hermetic Golden Dawn Order, ceremonial magic is based on schools of philosophical and occult thought such as The Qabalah Hermetic, Enochian Magic, Thelema and the magic of several Grimoires. Ceremonial magic is part of Western hermeticism and esotericism.
It is one of our ancient proto-scientific practices and a Philosophical discipline that combines elements of Chemistry, metallurgy, physics, medicine, astrology, semiotics, mysticism, spiritualism and art. Alchemy was practiced in Mesopotamia, Atiguus Egypt, Persia, India and China, in Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, in the Islamic Empire and then in Europe until the eighteenth century, in a complex network of schools and philosophical systems that It covers at least 2500 years.
Western alchemy has always been closely related to Hermetism, a philosophical and spiritual system that has its roots in Hermes Trismegistus, a Greek-Egyptian Syncretic deity and legendary alchemist. In the course of the beginnings of the modern era, the dominant alchemy evolved in the current chemistry.
Currently it is of interest for Philosophy, as well as for its mystical, esoteric and artistic aspects. Alchemy was one of the main precursors of the modern sciences, and many of the substances, tools and processes of ancient alchemy have served as fundamental pillars of the modern chemical and metallurgical industries.
On the spiritual plane of alchemy, alchemists must transmute their own Soul before transmuting metals. This means that they should be purified, prepared by Prayer and Fasting.
Alchemy is intimately related and intertwined with traditional astrology in the Greek-Babolonic style. In many ways developed to complement one another in the search for occult knowledge. Traditionally, each of the seven celestial bodies of the solar system known to the ancients was associated, exercised dominion over, and ruled a particular metal. In Hermetism it is related to both astrology and theurgy.
It is our Greek Magical-Religious practice that consists in the invocation of ultra-terrestrial powers, Angels or Gods, in order to communicate or unite with them, attracting benefits and spiritual cooperation.
We make this manifest through ritual operations, ceremonial in nature-ineffable positions directed with precision and solemnity. We use symbols or formulas of analogical meaning, which are adapted to attract the desired supernatural energy. The symbols, postures and language used should not necessarily be understandable and should not be known rationally. The same names of the entities invoked are in “barbarian language” or in an ancient language or unknown by practitioners. The effectiveness of the ritual depends on the ethics and suspension of the human psyche and rationality in order to achieve the activation of the higher psychic elements that receive the divine energy.
Magical initiatory order dedicated to the dissemination of the traditional teachings of the previous Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. the external order of Stella Matutina was known as Mystic Rose or Order of the MR abroad. Notably, when the hidden author Israel Regardie published the documents of the Golden Dawn to the general public for the first time, it was not the teachings of the original order, but those of Stella Matutina that he revealed. The Stella Matutina was one of the several daughter organizations in which the Hermetic Oreden Of the Golden Dawn fragmented, including the Alpha and Omega directed by John William Brodie-Innes and MacGregor Mathers, the Temple of Isis-Urania directed by AE Waite and others
Alpha et Omega
It is an Occult order, co-founded in London, England by Samuel liddell MacGregor Mathers in 1888. The Alpha and Omega was one of the four daughter organizations in which the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was fragmented, the other being the Morning Stella, the Temple of Isis-Urania directed by AE Waite and others and A∴A by Aleister Crowley.
In 1900, the hegemony of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was disturbed by a letter sent by Samuel Mathers, who lived in Paris, to his representative in London, Florence Farr. In the letter, he claimed that his co-founder Wynn Westcott forged communications between him and the Secret Chiefs who had given him the authority for the Order to exist.
SL MacGregor Mathers founded the Alpha et Omega in Paris. However, the name AO also appeared for the first time in a copy of 0 ° = 0 □ Hall of the ritual of neophytes owned by Henry Kelf and is dated 1905. It seems that it was used shortly after the schism.
Two temples in Britain remained loyal to Mathers and joined Alpha et Omega, one in London and the other in Edinburgh. Two or three Golden Dawn temples in the United States, including Thoth-Hermes, remained loyal to Mathers during the schism and also became part of Alpha et Omega.
We rely on a large number of influences, among which are: Jewish Kabbalah, Astrology, Alchemy, religions especially Egyptian and Greco-Roman (it is from this last that derives the term “Hermetic”), Neoplatonism, Gnostisimo , the Enochian. Angelic magic system, The Hermeticism, Tantra and tarot symbolism.
It is the combination of different beliefs, while mixing the practices of various schools of thought. Syncretism implies the fusion or assimilation of several originally discrete traditions, especially in theology and the mythology of religion, thus affirming an underlying unity and allowing an inclusive approach to other religions. Syncretism also commonly occurs in expressions of art and culture (known as eclecticism) as well as politics (syncretic politics)